Deciduous Hybrids

Aromi Deciduous Azaleas

aromi deciduous azaleas

The Aromi azalea hybrids were created in Mobile, Alabama by Dr. Gene Aromi, a retired education professor at the University of Southern Alabama, and his wife Jane, a retired elementary school teacher. As documented in the Summer 2003 issue (25:2) of The Azalean, they began their hybridizing program in 1969 to develop evergreen azaleas with "large flower size, early bloom time, improved bud hardiness, compact habit, and array of flower forms, and rich colors". They have named 31 evergreen azalea hybrids, described on our Aromi evergreen page.

In 1971 they began hybridizing Exbury azaleas with southern native species to create heat tolerant, large flowered, fragrant deciduous azaleas. Over 100 of these deciduous hybrids are named, and 8 of them are registered (shown in the list with an ® after the name).

They numbered the first selection from the first cross A-1, the first selection from the second cross B-1, and so on. Thus, for example, AAY-3 is the third selection from the 26+(26*26)+25 = 727th cross.

Other accounts of the Aromi's hybridizing programs are in the September 1999 issue (21:3) of The Azalean, and the Winter 2002 issue (56:1) of the Journal of the ARS.

Name (Code) Parentage Description
'Amy Dennis'(2), 2
(AHF-13)
AAP-1 x 'George Reynolds' Large fragrant light lemon yellow (10A) flowers lightly flushed red orange (34D) on petal edges and bud tips, strong yellow blotch
'Appalachian Gold', 2
(QG-2)
R. austrinum x 'Appalachia' Large golden (21A) flowers, deep gold blotch
'April Fanfare' (AJN-2) TW-2 x R. austrinum 2" fragrant bright yellow (21B) flower lightly flushed red orange (34A) on bud tips and tubes, strong yellow blotch
'April Follies' (AHC-19) 'George Reynolds' x R. austrinum Large fragrant bright yellow (21B lightly flushed 34C) flowers, deep yellow blotch
'April Yellow' (ADX-2) 'Sunbeam' x HM-1 3" fragrant bright yellow (15B) flowers with a very light flush of red orange (34B) on the petal tips, deep yellow blotch
'Aromi Sunny-side-up'® (HA-9) R. austrinum x 'Golden Sunset' Pale yellow buds open to lemon yellow flowers (13A), darker (23A) blotch
'Aromi Sunrise'®, 2 (HM-7) 'Hiawatha' x R. austrinum Red orange buds open to yellow orange (21C) flowers with darker shading in the center
'Aromi Sunstruck'® (HH-4) R. austrinum x 'White Swan' Pale yellow buds open to lemon yellow (13A) flowers, deep yellow (23A) blotch
'Bees Haven' (AGC-3) (R. austrinum x R. alabamense) x yellow Exbury Small fragrant white flowers with a light pink (55A) flush on stamens, strong yellow blotch
'Canary Isles' (HR-1) Pale yellow R. austrinum x 'Golden Sunset' Large yellow (13A) flowers flushed orange on petal tips and tubes
'Cayenne Capers' (AAR-2) HL-7 x OH-1 1-1/2" heavily fragrant deep yellow flowers (23B) with a heavy flush of strong red (46A), deeper yellow blotch (23A)
'Centerpiece' (NF-1) 'Fool's Folly' x 'Elmer's Yellow' Light cream buds open to white flowers, deep yellow blotch
'Clearcreek' (AAV-1) OF-1 x 'Centerpiece' Translucent yellow (white flushed 11A) flowers, darker yellow blotch
'Coral Reef' (AIJ-3) XS-1 x 'Decidedly Pink' Light yellow (21C) flowers with a heavy flush of dark red (53A) on petals and tubes, no blotch or fragrance
'Country Cousin' (AGY-6) XL-1 x 'Gann's Legacy' Deep red buds open to 2" white flowers flushed deep red (47A), golden blotch
'Courtship' (AIB-6) ZU-2 x 'Decidedly Pink' Large white flowers with cardinal red (53D) on petal edges, deep yellow blotch, cardinal red buds
'Dancing Rabbit' (ADY-4) 'Appalachian Gold' x 'Goldstrike' Fragrant bright yellow (14C) flowers, deep yellow blotch
'Decidedly Pink' (XW-1) KY-7 x NR-1 Large lightly fragrant white flower heavily flushed cardinal red (53B), deep yellow (23A) blotch
'First Love', 2 (AGR-5) UU-1 x 'Red Chameleon' Large fragrant white flowers flushed dark cardinal red (53B) on petal edges and tubes, bright yellow blotch
'Flirtation Pink' (AHZ-5) (R. flammeum x R. canescens) x 'Decidedly Pink' 2-1/4" lightly fragrant white flower heavily flushed cardinal red (53A) on petal edges, very heavy flush on buds and tubes
'Fool's Folly',
2
(AL-37)
'Rothschild Orange' x R. austrinum Orange buds open to bright yellow flowers (21B) with a light orange (34A) flush
'Forty-niner' (AL-49) 'Rothschild Orange' x R. austrinum Golden flowers (25C) with a flush of scarlet (34A), deep gold blotch
'Four Kings' (GM-1) 'Golden Peace' x R. austrinum Red buds open to bright yellow (15B) 2" flowers with a faint red (47A) flush, deep yellow (21A) blotch
'Four Sisters' (XS-3) 'June Jubilee' x NR-1 Cardinal red buds open to 1-3/4" fragrant white flowers flushed cardinal red (53C), strong yellow blotch
'Frontier Gold'® (AL-28) 'Rothschild Orange' x R. austrinum Orange-scarlet buds open to golden flowers (23B) with scarlet (34A) shading, deeper golden blotch
'Frontier Red' (HT-2) 'Forty-niner' x 'Tintoretto' 3" red-orange (30A) flowers flushed bright red (43A) with red tubes, faint orange (25A) blotch
'Gene's Gold' (TJ-3) 'Persian Melon' x GK-2 Creamy gold flowers (23B) with tips lightly flushed with rose (34A), faint (24A) blotch
'Glory Be' (ADU-1) 'June Jubilee' x 'Rufus' Many large bright yellow (15A) fragrant flowers, deep yellow blotch
'Goldrush' (HO-2) 'Forty-niner' x 'Hiawatha' Large golden yellow flowers (23B) flushed red orange (34A), deep gold (23A) blotch
'Goldstrike' (QY-1) AL-48 x 'Four Kings' Deep yellow (21B) flowers, orange blotch
'Heads Up' (SW-2) 'Four Kings' x 'Persian Melon' Light yellow (17D) with a faint red (45C) flush, golden blotch, red tubes and many buds that stand erect
'Hearts' Afire' (VC-1) R. canescens x pink Mollis Large red orange (23B flushed 45A) flowers, deep red-orange blotch
'High Tide' (AAV-2) OF-1 x 'Centerpiece' Ivory flowers, gold (23A) blotch, light pink flush on the petal tips
'High Times' (AIR-2) 'Decidedly Pink' x 'Lemonade' 2-1/2" fragrant bright yellow flower (21B) lightly flushed red- orange (34A) on petal edges, tips and tubes, strong yellow blotch
'Honey Lamb' (HX-2) R. canescens x 'Rufus' 2" purplish pink flowers (64C), deep gold blotch (25A), sterile
'Honeybee Hobnob' (ADS-3) 'Goldstrike' x 'Centerpiece' 2-1/2" fragrant light yellow (16A) flower flushed bright red (47A), strong yellow blotch
'Indian Spring' (HT-1) 'Forty-niner' x 'Tintoretto' Light yellow flower (16B) flushed dark red (45D) on petals and tube, yellow orange (21A) blotch
'Indian Yellow' (TK-1 FU-1 x 'Gillian's Gold' Large light yellow (15B) fragrant flowers shaded bright red (34A), strong yellow blotch
'Jack of Hearts' (AGI-4) YI-2 x YP-2 June blooming red orange (16B flushed 53B) flowers, yellow blotch
'Jane's Gold' (GY-2) 'Pathfinder' x 'Golden Sunset' Cream-yellow flowers (15B) with tips lightly flushed with rose (3A), strong yellow orange (23A) blotch
'Jeanette Ann' (LC-1) R. alabamense x AL-10 White flushed pink (55B) on the petal tips, blotch 23A
'John Giordano' (WJ-1) (AL-45 x 'Rufus') x R. calendulaceum Orange (24A) flushed vivid red-orange (46A), yellow orange blotch (23A), fragrant, 8 flowers in a head
'Jonquil Yellow' (AJI-3) ADS-2 x YW-1 2" fragrant lemon yellow (15A) flower, deep yellow blotch
'Jubilation' (MW-1) 'Sandra Marie' x R. austrinum Large light yellow flowers (19A) flushed red-orange (34A), strong yellow orange (23A) blotch
'Julius Kingsley' (AGR-8) UU-1 x 'Red Chameleon' White flushed with deep red (53-A), faint yellow blotch (21A)
'June Jubilee' (EP-1) (R. prunifolium x R. serrulatum) x R. arborescens Late-blooming small very fragrant white flowers with dark glossy leaves
'Kevin Patrick' (AIT-13) 'Spanish Main' x 'Jubilation' Red buds open to orange flowers (19A) with a deep pink (50B) flush, yellow (21A) blotch
'King's Jester' (ACJ-1) 'Rothschild Orange' x R. austrinum) x 'Knighthood' Large fragrant yellow (22B) flowers with a red (47C) flush, deep yellow blotch
'King's Ransom' (AGL-4) (R. austrinum x 'Primrose') x unknown 2" light yellow (16A) fragrant flowers with a red-orange (34A) flush on petal tips and tubes
'King's Treasure' (AIC-1) TW-2 x OM-1 Large fragrant bright yellow buds flushed red-orange opening to pure yellow flowers (15A), deep yellow blotch
'King's Trumpeter' (AIJ-4) XS-1 x 'Decidedly Pink' Dark red buds open to fragrant bright yellow (21C) flowers with a heavy flush of dark red (53A) on petals and tubes
'King's Wizard' (AIP-1) XZ-3 x unknown 2" fragrant bright yellow flower flushed bright red, deep yellow blotch, heavy flush on buds and tubes
'Lacecap' (RJ-1) R. viscosum x dark red Ilam Light pink (white-flushed 52A) flowers open wide in a flat truss
'Laughing Lion' (AGZ-1) UP-1 x 'Gann's Legacy' Light yellow (12B) fragrant flowers with a deep red (46A) flush on petal edges, heavier flush on buds and tubes, yellow (23A) blotch
'Lemon Lullaby'
(ADX-3)
'Sunbeam' x HM-1 Large fragrant light yellow (15B) flowers, deep yellow blotch
'Lemonade'
(XU-2)
HG-1 x 'Sham's Yellow' Large lemon yellow (9C) flowers, deep yellow blotch
'Liz Colbert'
®
(LN-1)
R. serrulatum x R. austrinum Brick red buds open to light peach flowers (white-flushed 52B), yellow orange (16A) blotch
'Marilyn Jeanne' (AGR-6) UU-1 x 'Red Chameleon' White heavily flushed with deep red (53A), strong yellow (21A) blotch
'Moon Dreams'
(AAV-7)
OF-1 x 'Centerpiece' Large fragrant white flower, deep yellow (23A) blotch
'Misty Dawn' (AJY-1) TL  x AAV-8 White flowers with pink flush (white-flushed 55A) on bud tips and petal edges, yellow (21A) blotch, early
'Neon'
(ADR-1)
TW-1 x TJ-1 1-3/4" fragrant deep yellow (23A) flower, lightly flushed red- orange (34A), stronger yellow (23A) blotch
'Old Rose'
(AGY-5)
Xl-1 x 'Gann's Legacy' 2" flowers of damask rose (white-flushed 47A), golden blotch
'Orange Cloud'
(NS-2)
AL-24 x ('Gibraltar' x R. austrinum) 2-1/2" fragrant flowers of pure orange (30D), deep yellow blotch
'Orange Rhyme'
(WA-1)
'Gibraltar' x MV-1 Bright orange (25A) flushed bright red (47A, deep yellow blotch
'Pale Moon'
(AAV-12)
OF-1 x 'Centerpiece' Large very fragrant white flower, deep yellow blotch (23A)
'Pathfinder'
®
(AL-4)
'Rothschild Orange' x R. austrinum Orange buds open to golden flowers (23A flushed 39A), deep golden blotch
'Peach Glow'
(ADS-5)
'Goldstrike' x 'Centerpiece' Red orange buds open to 2" fragrant light yellow (12B) flowers with a red orange (34A) flush on the petal tips.
'Pink Carousel'® (RA-1) R. austrinum x 'Red Letter' Scarlet buds (34A) open to pale pink flowers (24B flushed 34A), strong golden (23A) blotch
'Pink Promise'
(XT-2)
('Rothschild Orange' x R. austrinum) x 'Hotspur' Very large fragrant peach pink (43C) flowers, deep yellow blotch
'Pirate's Booty'
(ACB-3)
'Frontier Red' x ('Cecile' x 'Balls of Fire') Very large deep yellow (21B) flower heavily flushed deep red (46A), deep yellow blotch, no fragrance
'Pirate's Pink' (ACB-2) 'Frontier Red' x ('Cecile' x 'Balls of Fire') Very large lightly fragrant cream flower (13D) heavily flushed bright red (47A), bright yellow blotch
'Princess in Pink' (AHU-4) UY-1 x 'Decidedly Pink' 2" fragrant white flower flushed deep pink (53D) on petal edges and tubes, deep yellow blotch, buds deep pink
'Queen's Ivory' (AKD-1) AAP-1 x 'Mt. Ranier' Ivory flowers (11B), deep yellow (23A) blotch
'Queen's Lace' (AHU-6). UY-2 x 'Decidedly Pink' Very fragrant white flowers with a pink flush on the petal tips, bright yellow (21A) blotch
'Queen's Rose' (AIE-1) WF-1 x 'Decidedly Pink' Rose flowers (19B flushed 53A), deep yellow blotch, deep red buds and tubes
'Radiant Red', 2 (AHB-6) ON-3 x 'Red King' Dark red buds open to many fragrant bright yellow (20A) flowers heavily flushed dark red (46A), deep yellow blotch
'Red Chameleon', 2 (YO-1) 'Crimson Tide' x NR-1 Scarlet buds open to red flowers (47A) that fade to damask rose, strong orange blotch (24A)
'Red Pepper'® (QH-1) 'Gallipoli' x R. austrinum Red-orange (32A) flowers, deeper blotch
'Red Whisk' (XG-1) R. arborescens x R. cumberlandense Light lemon yellow (21D) 1-1/2"flowers with scarlet (42A) pistils and stamens, golden yellow (17B) blotch
'Rose Souffle' (AGI-5) Y1-2 x YP-2 June-blooming rose (43C) flowers, golden blotch
'Smith Pink' (XT-3) ('Rothschild Orange' x R. austrinum) x 'Hotspur' Large lightly fragrant salmon (47D) flowers, deep yellow blotch
'Southern Sunset' (AJC-1) WM-1 x 'Red Chameleon' Bright yellow (19C) flowers with a red flush (34A) on the petal edges, deep yellow blotch
'Spanish Main' (HN-2) 'Tintoretto' x R. austrinum Deep red buds open to red orange flowers (24B) with a red flush (34A) on the petal edges, deep yellow (23A) blotch
'Spring Dreams' (AAV-11) OF-1 x 'Centerpiece' Large fragrant white flower flushed deep pink (55C) on petal tips, strong yellow blotch
'Spring Enchantment' (YA-1) R. flammeum x white Exbury Deep salmon flowers (19B flushed 47C), golden blotch
'Spring Fandango', 2 (AIJ-6) XS-1 x 'Decidedly Pink' Strong yellow (21C) flowers heavily flushed deep rose (53A), deep yellow blotch
'Spring Fanfare' (ADX-1) 'Sunbeam' x HM-1 Bright yellow (15C) petals with a red (34B) flush on the petal tips, deep yellow blotch
'Spring Frolic' (AIR-1) 'Decidedly Pink' x 'Lemonade' 2" very fragrant bright yellow (21B) flower lightly flushed red orange (34A) on petal tips and buds, deep yellow blotch
'Spring Pixie'
(AJZ-10)
(R. flammeum x R. canescens) x 'Decidedly Pink' Medium-sized pink (white heavily flushed 53A) flowers, deep yellow blotch, dark red buds
'Spring Sensation'
(WM-1)
W-4 x R. canescens Early-blooming, pastel pink (62D) flowers cover the plant, very faint pale yellow (8D) blotch
'Spring Snowfall' (AIA-2) 'George Reynolds' x YR-1 Very fragrant large white flowers, light yellow (13C) flush on the petal midribs and buds, bright yellow (17A) blotch
'Spring Song' (AAV-14) OF-1 x 'Centerpiece' Large fragrant cream flower (1D) lightly flushed cardinal red (53D) on petal tips, tubes and bud tips, deep yellow blotch (23A)
'Strawberry Sherbert' (AHX-1) QT-1 x 'Decidedly Pink' Large white lightly fragrant flowers with deep pink (55A) flush on petal tips and buds, bright yellow (21A) blotch
'Strawberry Sundae'
(AJJ-6)
WM-1 x 'Decidedly Pink' White petals with a deep pink (66C) flush, pale yellow (8A) blotch
'Summer Snowball' (AGH-3) WW-1 x 'June Jubilee' Medium-sized fragrant white flowers, pale yellow (6A) blotch, flowers mass into ball-shaped trusses
'Summer Snowflakes' (AGH-5) WW-1 x 'June Jubilee' 1-3/4" very fragrant white flower flushed light yellow (12C) on mid-petal and buds, light yellow (12A) blotch
'Sundown' (YJ-2) KW-1 x NR-1 Large fragrant light yellow (15C) flowers lightly flushed cardinal red (53B), deep yellow blotch, buds, tubes and stamens are cardinal red
'Tabasco'
(XT-4)
AL-Q x 'Hotspur' Bright red flowers (23B flushed 53A), deep yellow blotch, dark red tubes
'Temple's Toy' (AEG-1) 'Knighthood' x 'Forty-niner' Deep red buds open to orange flowers (16B) with a deep red (53A) flush on the petal edges, strong yellow blotch
'Tensaw' (HD-2) R. austrinum x 'Oxydol' 2" bright yellow (13B) flowers, deep yellow (23A) blotch
'Tipsy Tangerine'
(XA-1)
GN-1 x unknown Scarlet buds open to flowers with several tones of orange on each petal (21A flushed 34A), deep yellow blotch
'Touch of Pink'
(AAV-5)
OF-1 x 'Centerpiece' Large fragrant white flower with petal tips and tubes flushed deep pink (55A), deep yellow blotch
'Tradewinds', 2 (AHC-16) R. austrinum x 'George Reynolds' Very fragrant large light yellow (15A) flowers lightly flushed orange (34A) on petal edges, bud tips, and tubes, deep yellow blotch
'Twilight Pink'
(AIQ-3)
UQ-1 x 'Decidedly Pink' Pink flowers (white flushed 53B) with deep red buds, golden blotch
'Twinkles' (AJJ-1) WM-1 x 'Decidedly Pink' White petals with a red flush (white flushed 53D) on the petal edges, yellow blotch, red tubes
'White Star'
(AAH-2)
LB-3 x MX-1 Large white star-shaped flower (10D) with a very light pink (55B) flush on the petal tips, yellow (23A) blotch

Dodd Confederate Series

The Confederate Series of Native Azaleas were selected from a cross of Rhododendron austrinum and Rhododendron x 'Hotspur Yellow'. This cross was made by Bob Schwindt at Dodd & Dodd Nurseries in Semmes AL, the seed were planted by Tom Dodd Sr. and Tom III made the evaluations and named them per Mr. Schwindt's request. The Exbury Azaleas couldn't take the heat of the deep south. The R. austrinum blood gives them the heat tolerance and vigor that we need here. Below is a list with the colors, etc. Most of them are difficult to propagate and grow, but do well once they are planted in semi-shade with good drainage. (Click the thumbnails for larger images.)

 RhododendronxAdmiralSemmes R. 'Admiral Semmes' Solid yellow The easiest to grow Admiral Semmes was skipper of the CSS Alabama and he still holds the record for number of enemy ships sunk or captured
 RhododendronxColMosby R. 'Colonel Mosby' Pink with yellow flag Col Mosby was known as the "Gray Ghost' because of his ability to attack, cause trouble, and then disappear
 RhododendronxAdmiralBuchanan R. 'Admiral Franklin Buchanan' Deep orange Named for the skipper of the CSS Virginia (Merrimac) and later Admiral in charge of Mobile Bay
 R. Emma Sansom R. 'Emma Sansom' Soft pink and yellow This lady had the courage to lead the southern troops through difficult terrain and attack the Yankees from the rear
 RhododendronxFrederick O Douglass R. 'Frederick O Douglass' Soft Pink A southern (Maryland) hero and one of the greatest orators of all time
 RhododendronxJeb Stuart R. 'JEB Stuart' Pink with yellow flag, much like 'Col Mosby' but blooms later (Remember, Stuart was late getting to Gettysburg)
 RhododendronxLeroy Broun R. 'Maj Leroy Broun' Deep orange Named for a Confederate officer who later became President of Auburn University
 RhododendronxNathanBedfordForrest R. 'Nathan Bedford Forrest' Orange Named for the best General from the South during the "recent unpleasantness"
 R. Private Lafayette Acree R 'Pvt Lafayette Acree' Ruffled orange Named for Tom Dodd's ancestor that was a hero during the "recent unpleasantness" He and two other privates captured Gen Crittington and his entire staff at the beginning of the war When asked about his time in the army in his later years, he said "I never believed in secession anyway"
 RhododendronxRobert E Lee R. 'Gen Robert E Lee' The closest in the series to red Hardest to grow A hero to all southerners
 R. Stonewall Jackson R. 'Stonewall Jackson' Medium orange The largest of the series